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100 Years Ago in Texas:  A Selection from the General Photograph Collection

January 3, 2022

Texas newspapers in January 1922 featured news of the oil booms in eastern areas of the state.  Oil diversified the Texas economy.  It was no longer one based primarily on agriculture.  Cities were growing, with one headline reading “Banner Year in Building Is in Sight.”  

These images, mostly from family collections, give us a glimpse of Texas in 1922.  One shows dense drilling in an East Texas oil field on land previously used by the timber industry.  Another shows people harvesting cotton by hand, a holdover the 19th century.  Others illustrate how people used their leisure time, including newer forms of entertainment. One shows a former opera house converted into a movie theater.

Oil fire among the derricks in the booming Orangefield community, Orange County. (090-0058), courtesy of H.C. Williams)
Picking cotton on the Matthes Krause farm, Northrup, Lee County. (091-0105, courtesy of Victor P. Krause)
Emil Garteiser, an elected public weigher, at weigh station beside the Southern Pacific Railroad, Hondo. (096-0426, courtesy of Cecilia Koch)
First Communion Class, Immaculate Heart of Mary Catholic Church, Barrio Laredito, San Antonio. (115-0169, courtesy of Manuel H. Gonzales)
Benton City Woodmen Circle Drill Team, Atascosa County. (093-0031, courtesy of Edith Hawes Wanjura)
Grover Collins gives his sister Betty a ride in a wagon fashioned from a 20 Mule Team Borax crate, Tobin Hill, San Antonio. (103-0272, courtesy of Betty Collins)
Joe Pierson Landa, left, and Harry Landa with their catch from the Comal River, Camp Placid, Landa Park, New Braunfels. (074-1040, courtesy of Mrs. Robert Murray)
Sales room in Cardenas Bicycle Shop, 116 South Laredo Street, San Antonio. (117-0071, courtesy of Eddie Cardaway)
The Grand, a silent movie theater in the former Grand Opera House, west side of Alamo Plaza at Crockett Street. (092-0043, courtesy of City Public Service Company )

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